Elise Bock, Author at DynaTrap Mosquito & Insect Trap
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Elise Bock

Dengue Fever: Increasing Within the United States

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What is it?

Dengue Fever is one variation of the four closely related dengue viruses that is a painful mosquito-borne disease. It is related to viruses that cause West Nile infection and Yellow Fever. Dengue fever is spread by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes.

Where is Dengue Fever most common?

Most cases in the U.S. occur in individuals who got the infection while traveling outside the United States. However, there have been confirmed local transmission cases in Miami and in Hillsborough County, Florida. In 2013, outbreaks started in Brownsville, Texas and Key West Florida. This can be due to these states being so close to the Caribbean.

Symptoms

Symptoms usually start to occur 4-6 days after being infected and can last up to 10 days. Symptoms can include a sudden, high fever, severe headaches, pain behind the eyes, joint and muscle pain, fatigue, nausea/vomiting, skin rash (appears 2-5 days after onset fever), and mild bleeding (i.e. nosebleed, gums bleeding, easily bruising). Having any of the symptoms listed above and a travel history in countries where Dengue Fever is common leads to a healthcare provider to suspect Dengue Fever. Doctors can diagnose with a blood test.

Is there treatment?

There is not a specific medicine that treats Dengue Fever. Using pain relievers with acetaminophen and avoiding medicines with aspirin, which could worsen bleeding, is instructed. Along with taking pain relievers with acetaminophen, resting as well as drinking plenty of fluids is also encouraged.

What can I do to prevent Dengue Fever?

There is one FDA approved vaccine as of 2019 called Dengvaxia. This vaccine helps prevent Dengue from reoccurring in 9-16 year olds who have already been infected with Dengue. Unfortunately, there is currently not a vaccine or another type of prevention for the general public, but there are other remedies that people can do to help prevent getting but by an infected mosquito.

  • Use mosquito repellents (even inside)
  • Outdoors: wear long-sleeve shirts and long pants that can be tucked into socks
  • Indoors: Use air conditioning when available
  • Ensure windows and screen doors are secure and free of holes or rips

Words from our expert, Dr. Mackenzie

Dengue Virus is a serious disease that is more common in the United States and the Americas than most people realize. In the US, we have hundreds of travel related cases of Dengue Fever as well as some more critical Dengue Hemorrhagic Fever, each year. This year marked an “outbreak” year for Florida with multiple cases of locally transmitted cases in Miami-Dade County as well as Hillsborough County. The virus is transmitted by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, both of which are more active during the day and use artificial as well as natural containers as larval habitats.

Remember mosquito season isn’t over because it’s fall. Mosquito season is only over once we are seeing freezing temperatures. So if you have to go out at dusk or dawn make sure that you are using EPA registered/CDC recommended repellents. Around your home remove or refresh larval habitats (i.e. empty containers and bird baths) and if possible, wear long sleeves and long pants. Adding a Flying Insect trap to your mosquito control strategy can help protect you and your family by collecting mosquitoes that are in your yard.

To help protect your yard and your home from infected mosquitoes, check out the DynaTrap website for indoor and outdoor traps!

For more information on Dengue Fever, check out this article!

Eastern Equine Encephalitis: It’s More Common Thank You Think

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What is it?

Within the past year or so, Easter Equine Encephalitis (also called triple E) has been on the rise. Triple E is a viral illness that is transmitted into people and animals through the bite of an infected mosquito. One cannot get triple E from another person or animal that has triple E. There are usually only a few human cases annually reported in the U.S., which is typically 4-10 cases.

What are the symptoms?

Symptoms can occur 4-10 days after an individual has been bit by an infected mosquito. Symptoms can include high fever, chills, headache, tiredness, nausea/vomiting, neck stiffness, seizures, confusion (disorientation), or a coma. Symptoms can differ depending on the part of the brain that is inflamed, amount of inflammation, and a person’s age and health. This is a serious virus that can lead to permanent brain damage, being in a coma, or even death. Triple E can be diagnosed by a blood test or testing spinal fluids.

Is there treatment?

There is not a human vaccine or specific antivirus currently available. Patients with triple E should be properly evaluated by a physician or healthcare provider. Severe cases are typically hospitalized and get respiratory support, fluids through an IV, and prevention of other possible infections that may arise.

What can I do to prevent triple E?

For the individual:

  • wear long sleeve shirts and pants outdoors
  • wear EPA registered/CDC recommended insect repellents
  • cover strollers and baby carriers with a mosquito net
  • avoid outdoor activities from dusk until dawn

For the home/outdoors:

  • remove areas with standing water (pool covers, bird baths, trash cans, tires, etc.)
  • repair screens if there are holes, keep windows and doors shut to prevent mosquitoes from entering the home
  • remove leaf debris from yard and garden areas
  • ensure roof gutters drain correctly and clean clogged gutters in fall and spring

Words from Our Expert, Dr. Karen McKenzie

“The 2019 mosquito season has been pretty bad all over the country due to weather patterns in later 2018 and earlier this year that dumped a lot of rain and snow around the country. In July, NOAA even stated that the U.S. had set a new record for the ‘wettest 12 month period’, which created prime mosquito habitats. The overabundance of mosquitoes mixed with a large number of birds hat were susceptible to both West Nile Virus and Eastern Equine Encephalitis has created a ‘perfect storm’ situation. All the right pieces have fallen into place to allow these diseases to really bloom. This year has marked a record year for triple E, with 31 cases so far and more deaths than the average number of cases reported each year. Remember mosquito season isn’t over because it’s fall. Mosquito season is only over once we are seeing freezing temperatures. Adding a flying insect trap to your mosquito control strategy can help you protect you and your family by collecting mosquitoes that are in your yard.

To help protect your yard and your home from infected mosquitoes, check out the DynaTrap website for indoor and outdoor traps!

20 Years of the West Nile Virus

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The West Nile Virus is a disease transmitted to humans through infected mosquitoes. West Nile was first recorded in the United States in Queens, New York in 1999. A few years after the West Nile Virus was introduced in the United States, it spread from New York to the contiguous states, Canada, Mexico, as well as Central and South America. Learning more about this virus can bring awareness to it as well as learning more on how to prevent it.

When someone is bit by a mosquito that is a carrier of the West Nile, only 1 in 5 people will develop some type of symptom(s). These symptoms include fever, body aches, skin rash, and swollen lymph nodes. The more severe symptoms include stiff neck, sleepiness, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, and paralysis. It is very common in most cases that the symptoms are mild and go unreported, but it is important to be aware of how severe symptoms can be when infected with West Nile.

It has been twenty years since West Nile has been spotted in the United States. Several researchers have spent time digging deeper into West Nile and the different species of mosquitoes that can be infected and carry the virus. The most common way to diagnose West Nile is with a blood test, but sometimes a spinal tap is necessary to confirm in extreme cases.

There are several ways to get rid of mosquitoes to help prevent getting infected with the West Nile Virus. To lower your risk, use insect repellent, wear long sleeve shirts and pants, treat your clothing and gear with repellent, and of course use DynaTrap products inside and outside your home!

For more information on the West Nile Virus, click here.

Flies: What You Need To Know

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Flies are always flying around. Whether it’s in your yard or inside your home, flies are around and can be a distraction. With all the flies that are flying around your surroundings, here are some different types of flies you should be aware of.

House Fly

As it says in their name, these flies are usually found within your home. They are attracted to all types of food, including human food, animal food, and food waste.

Fruit Fly

These flies are commonly found near your fruit found in the kitchen. They are also found hovering around fermenting residue in places like a pub, brewery, and fruit orchards.

Horse Fly

These flies are typically pests to livestock, but can also be pests towards humans. Horse fly bites can be painful to humans as well as animals.

Bluebottle Fly

This type of fly typically hands out around your garbage cans. Bluebottle flies are attracted to food scraps or dead animals. This causes them to become carriers of diseases.

Cluster Fly

These flies are typically found in the undisturbed areas of your home such as attics. Sometimes they can be found close to windows, especially this time of year when they are looking for warmth. The cluster fly requires warm places to hibernate for the winter months.

 

Now that you are a little more familiar with a few of the different types of flies out there, DynaTrap has products that will help minimize the flies in your home. The fly light is an indoor insect trap that helps catch those pesky flies inside your home. Look at the various FlyLight options as well as the other indoor insect traps we have available. Let us help you with those pests that enter your home!

https://dynatrap.com/products/#indoor

 

Bluebottle Fly

Fruit Flies

House Fly

Bugs in Fall: Which Ones to Look Out For

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As the seasons are changing, the typical bugs we come across tend to change too. Mosquitoes are not the only concern anymore. As we enter the season of fall, here are some pests to look out for.

  • Ants:
    • Seek warmth as the temperature decreases
  • Bees & Wasps:
    • Fall is the time when bees and wasps feed and store up on food for the winter
  • Spiders:
    • Spiders might enter your home in the fall, but do not reproduce indoors
    • Species to look for: American House spider, cellar spider, domestic house spider, and cupboard spider
    • If there’s a spider in your home, simply move it outside and you’ll be good
  • Flies:
    • South- and west-facing walls may be attracting flies into your home that are looking for a warm place to be
    • Common flies to look for: cluster flies, fruit flies, and house flies
  • Prevention:
    • Clean Up Outdoors
      • These pests tend to find warmth in piles of leaves and the like.
      • Ensure they don’t enter your house by clearing the piles often.
    • Clean Around the House
      • Pests thrive off left-over food and water. Wipe down the kitchen to ensure there are no left-over crumbs
      • Keep garbage bins closed tightly
      • Pests will find warmth in dirty clothes piles like they would with a pile of leaves outside. Don’t accumulate piles of dirty laundry around the home.
    • Check for Holes and Clearings
      • Walk around the perimeter of your home to check if there are any holes or crevices the pests could use to enter your home.
      • Holes close to the gutters give pests a way to get into the walls of your home (they might stay there all season if you don’t catch them)

Now that you’re more familiar about the pests you might come across this season, DynaTrap has a few products that can help! From outdoor to indoor, DynaTrap has products to kill bugs without chemicals. Try DynaTrap to help take care of those pests during the fall season.

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