The West Nile virus has been in the United States since 1999. When infected with West Nile, symptoms include a fever, body aches, skin rash, and swollen lymph nodes could occur. More severe symptoms can include stiff neck, sleepiness, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, and paralysis.
Eastern Equine Encephalitis
Also known as Triple E, Eastern Equine Encephalitis has been in the recent news in different areas of the United States. Symptoms occur 4-10 days after getting a mosquito bite from an infected mosquito. Symptoms can include high fever, chills, headache, tiredness, nausea/vomiting, neck stiffness, seizures, confusion, or a coma. Symptoms can differ depending on the part of the brain that is inflamed, amount of inflammation, and a person’s age and health. There isn’t a human vaccine or specific antivirus currently available but doing the necessary steps to avoid mosquito bites is always important.
Symptoms usually occur 4-6 days after being infected and can last up to 10 days. Symptoms can include a sudden, high fever, severe headaches, pain behind the eyes, joint and muscle pain, fatigue, nausea/vomiting, skin rash (appears 2-5 days after onset fever), and mild bleeding (i.e. nosebleed, gums bleeding, easily bruising). There isn’t a treatment for Dengue but using pain relievers with acetaminophen and avoiding medicines with aspirin, which can worsen bleeding, is instructed.
Zika Virus is a mosquito borne virus that can be spread mostly by the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito. Zika can also spread from a pregnant woman who’s infected, to the fetus, which can cause birth defects. Microcephaly as well as other brain defects are common. Mild symptoms or not having symptoms are typically what happen with the Zika Virus. It is encouraged to be cautious where you travel when you are pregnant or if you’re trying to get pregnant.
Reminder From Dr. McKenzie
Mosquitoes are going to be around until freezing weather hits consecutively for a few days. If you live in an area where the winter months are milder, be prepared to continue to use your flying insect trap and applying mosquito repellent. Avoid outdoor activities from dusk until dawn, which is the peak time for mosquitoes. If where you live has negative temperatures and snow is falling, prepare yourself for the mosquito season in spring!