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Mosquito Species in the United States

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How many different species of mosquitoes are there in the world today? If your answer was too many, that’s correct! There are over 3,000 different species of mosquitoes in the world. However, only about 176 of those species can be found in the United States. Of those 176 species, the three most common are from the Aedes, Anopheles, and Culex genera.

Aedes

Aedes mosquitoes love water and moisture. They lay their eggs on moist soil, old tires, and pretty much any other area that has standing water. Aedes mosquitoes are most common in tropical and subtropical climates. There are two species in the Aedes genera that are more troublesome than others as they are the carriers of dangerous diseases. Those two species are Aedes albopictus and Aedes aegypti. Aedes albopictus mosquitoes are carriers of dengue fever and eastern equine encephalitis. Aedes aegypti mosquitoes are carriers of both the dengue and yellow fever.

Anopheles

Anopheles mosquitoes tend to lay their eggs in cleaner and more natural bodies of water such as marshes or swamps. An interesting trait of the Anopheles mosquito is that as larvae they do not have breathing tubes, so they must breath the holes on their sides called spiracles. Anopheles mosquitoes cause more than one million deaths a year due to the fact that they carry and transmit the parasite that causes malaria.

Culex

Culex mosquitoes lay their eggs at night on any body of standing water. Typically, Culex mosquitoes don’t travel further than a couple hundred yards from the location that they hatched. While Culex mosquitoes do prefer birds to people, the female mosquitoes still feed on humans and other mammals in order to get the protein that they need to develop and lay eggs. The most common species of Culex is Culex pipiens, which is the main carrier of the West Nile Virus.

mosquito classification

Mosquitoes and the Weather

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Nearly every region in the United States was affected by or is still being affected by, the vast amounts of mosquitoes that took over this year. But, why was this year so bad for mosquitoes? The answer: the weather. Spring of 2018 was particularly wet. More rain means more standing water for mosquitoes to lay their eggs in. A female mosquito lays eggs in batches of 100 to 200 eggs and needs only about an inch of water in order to do so.

After spring, of course, comes summer, and the summer of 2018 was a hot one. Mosquitoes begin to breed and remain active as long as temperatures are above 45°F, and become even more active as temperatures rise. Not only does warmer weather increase mosquito activity, but it also increases their ability to spread viruses such as Zika and West Nile. The warm air allows for the viruses to incubate in the mosquitoes for a longer period of time, allowing them to infect more people.

While some people may consider fall and winter to be “mosquito-free”, this is not necessarily true. If temperatures do not fall below 45°F, the mosquitoes will survive. If temperatures are above 45°F they will keep breeding and multiplying. If temperatures do fall below 45°F, some mosquitoes go dormant and wait for warmer weather, while some are unable to withstand the colder weather and die. The map below shows the months that are considered “mosquito season” for each region.

In order to prevent mosquitoes during these seasons make sure your DynaTrap is up and running about a week prior to the start and continues to run throughout the entire season!

Mosquito Hideouts in Your Home

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As the summer comes to an end, it is important to know the threat of mosquitoes does not end with it! Mosquitoes and other insects often make themselves guests in your home to escape harsh conditions such as rain or snow. Just as there are areas outside of your home that attract mosquitoes, there are spots inside that attract them as well.

 

Shower and Sink Drains

Mosquitoes flock to stagnant water. Drains, especially those that are not used often, are a haven for them!

Tip: Rinse unused drains with hot water and bleach or vinegar if they become problem areas.

House Plant Water Trays

Plants that require a substantial amount of water provide mosquitoes with the moist environment they prefer.

Tip: Be sure not to over-water your plants. Not only is it harmful to the plants, but it leaves more standing water that attracts mosquitoes and other insects.

Pet Water Bowls

Fido may be sharing his water with bugs! The still water in your pet’s bowl is a prime destination for mosquitoes.

Tip: Change the water frequently and empty bowls when they are not being used.

Basements

The damp and dark conditions in basements are the perfect hideout for mosquitoes.

Tip: Use your air conditioner as much as possible to reduce the humidity inside your home.

 

As always, remember these are all short-term solutions to your pest problems. For a long-term solution, consider using DynaTraps and Flylights within your home. Not only are these long-term solutions, but also stylish additions to any room in the house! Click here to view our line of indoor products.

Mosquito Breeding Spots Around Your Home

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Mosquito breeding areas are more common then you’d think. Your yard could currently be covered in them. The more you get rid of these problem spots the less likely mosquitoes will be breeding in them.

Pools

Pools are a great luxury to have during the hotter months. They also are a manmade mosquito breeding pond.

Tip: When you aren’t using your pool, make sure to cover it. Also, be sure to use the proper chemicals to keep the pool clean and mosquito-free.

Tires

Tires collect water like it’s their job. Due to their shape, once the water is in, it’s difficult to get it out.

Tip: Drill holes in the bottom of the tire to allow drainage.

Bird Baths

We get it, birds need a place to cool off too!

Tip: Change the water out on a regular basis. If there are any mosquito eggs floating around, they won’t have time to reach their final adult stage.

Gutters

Keep your gutters clean! Leafs and other debris create a build-up of water. This is a perfect and cozy place for mosquitoes to make a home.

Tip: Make sure to clean your gutters out so water can move through easily.

Baby Pool

Small pools are a fun and great way for kids to cool off during the hot Summer.

Tip: Once the kids are tired and playtime is over, make sure you completely drain the pool of all its water.

Trash Cans

Trash cans collect water at their base if left open. The lids also can easily catch water if flipped upside down.

Tip: Make sure your garbage cans have lids and that the lids are secured on tight.

Flower Pots

Your flowers need water, but make sure not to overdo it.

Tip: Get rid of any excess water floating at the top of the surface of the soil. Also, dump out any water collected on the plant saucers.

These are all short-term prevention tips. If you want a more long-term solution, check out the DynaTrap. This mosquito repellent uses CO2 and UV light to attract, trap, and kill mosquitoes and other pesky insects in your yard. It eliminates the mosquitoes in the area, preventing them to go back to the listed breeding spots to reproduce.

Important Things To Know When Setting Up Your DynaTrap

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42010-Shepherds Hook-OutdoorsKeep it 20-40 ft away from outdoor living space

The DynaTrap can be set-up anywhere in your yard. That is, as long as it’s 20-40 ft away from your direct living space. Think about it. The DynaTrap attracts mosquitoes and other flying insects. If you put it on your porch, you are right next to the device attracting bugs. Due to this closeness, mosquitoes get to choose between you and the trap. Humans will always be projecting the most CO2, therefore the mosquitoes will always choose the humans. By placing the trap far away there will be no issue with this.

Keep it 3 to 6 ft. off the ground

The goal is to catch flying insects. By having it 3-6 ft off the ground, that puts the DynaTrap in the insect’s direct space. Simply set it on a table, chair, or purchase one of our shepherd’s hooks, pictured on the left.

Keep it plugged in 24/7

For your DynaTrap to be most effective, keep it running 24/7. Mosquitoes will begin getting trapped immediately. The goal of the DynaTrap is to have long-term effects. Each time a mosquito is trapped, it can’t go back to the water source it came from to reproduce. It’ll take around 4-6 weeks before the main mosquito source, on or near your property, is no longer inhabited by these pests. That is when you will begin to feel the best results.

There are both outdoor and indoor traps

There are indeed! What differs is the coverage. They all are made with the same 3-way protection: Indoor traps only cover 300-1290 sq ft. The Flylight Insect Trap reaching 600 sq ft. Outdoor traps range from 1/4 acre, 1/2 acre, to 1-acre coverage.

It IS weather-resistant

There have been concerns in the past about leaving DynaTrap’s out during rainstorms. Don’t worry! All of our traps, both indoor and outdoor, are constructed of durable, all-weather material.

It will not harm your pets

Not even a little bit! DynaTrap uses zero pesticides or chemicals. All of our products are 100% environmentally-friendly. Your family, furry friends, and our planet will not be harmed by the way our traps work.

For more FAQS, click HERE. If you have any additional questions left unanswered, reach out to our amazing Customer Care Representatives HERE.

Why Are Mosquitoes Attracted to Me?

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CO2 (Carbon Dioxide)

This is what humans exhale. This is also the first thing that attracts mosquitoes to their hosts. Female mosquitoes have long antennae’s and olfactory organs called palps. These can pick up high concentrations of carbon dioxide from 150 feet away. CO2 is the main indicator that a human is within reach for a mosquito. You may have heard that women who are pregnant, or those who are overweight, tend to get bit more. This is because they exhale larger amounts of CO2 than the average person. A study once showed that pregnant women exhaled 21% more than non-pregnant women. With all this being said, that is why DynaTrap emits CO2 from its traps to successfully trap mosquitoes.

Lactic Acid

Once mosquitoes have found their hosts location they begin smelling for lactic acid. This is produced by your body after you exercise or eat certain types of foods. When you sweat, the number of lactic acids increases in your body. If you sweat more than the average person, that might be a big reason why you get so many mosquito bites. When you sweat your body temperature increases too. The higher your body temperature is the more attracted mosquitoes can be towards you. Eating any type of salty snack also increases the amount of lactic acid you produce. Mosquitoes are attracted to potassium and salt. It may help to avoid salty snacks this Summer.

Blood Type

It is said that those with Type O blood have a higher chance of getting bit. In a study conducted in 2004, it showed that mosquitoes landed on Type O participants significantly more than those with Type A, AB, or B.  Mosquitoes landed on the participants with Type O blood 83% of the time, Type A 47%, and Type B or AB tested unclear. If you are getting more mosquito bites compared to your friends, it might be time to check what your blood type is.

Beer

Although not confirmed, some recent studies have shown that drinking beer makes mosquitoes more attracted to you. Why? Certain studies conclude it is due to the increased ethanol in a persons sweat and skin temperature. Ethanol is the intoxicating agent found in your favorite beers, wines, and liquors. This includes raising a persons body temperature. Giving you that “alcohol blanket” that deems helpful in the colder months. During the Summer though, that raised body temperature makes you tastier to those flying and biting, little monsters.

Light

Think about it, where are lights? They are on our porches, outside of our front doors, coming from a campfire, or simply a flashlight. When we are outside at night, we emit light. Phototaxis is the scientific term for the attraction bugs have toward light. UV light is the best light attractant for bugs. Mosquitoes and other flying insects that the DynaTrap catches are attracted to the warmth that UV lights emit. That is why a UV light is used within our DynaTrap’s catching technology.

See how the DynaTrap uses CO2 and UV light to attract mosquitoes and other flying insects:

What Mosquitoes Spread What Diseases?

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Mosquito-borne diseases are everywhere. They are putting countries in epidemics and bringing concern to others who fear their spread. Below are 3 mosquito species that transmit some of the worlds worst mosquito-borne illnesses.

Aedes aegypti

Also known as the yellow fever mosquito. This mosquito originated in Africa, and like most insects, were spread around the world by human travel. Today, this mosquito is more popular in tropical and subtropical regions. Yellow fever has now become a country epidemic in Brazil. The Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has now advised all travelers to get the yellow fever vaccine before traveling there or to just skip the trip altogether. Both Europe and the United States are being told that this disease could be heading their way. The Aedes aegypti also spreads the Zika Virus. The Zika Virus is not only a large issue in South America but is now causing concern in the southern parts of the United States, specifically Florida. Zika causes a disease called microcephaly. This disease deforms newborns sculls and slows their brain development. It occurs when their mothers get Zika during their pregnancies. If Zika and yellow fever weren’t enough, some Aedes aegypti transmits viruses such as chikungunya, dengue fever, West Nile fever, and eastern equine encephalitis as well.

Anopheles gambiae & Anopheles stephensi

These mosquitoes are the largest transmitters of the malaria parasite in the world. The Anopheles gambiae is found in Africa, while the Anopheles stephensi is found throughout the Middle East and South Asia, the main vector being in urban India. The Anopheles stephensi not only feeds on humans but feed on a large number of cattle as well. These malaria parasitic mosquitoes are most active at night. That is why the use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets are a huge help in countries who are fighting malaria. In 2016, 90% of malaria cases and 91% of malaria deaths were spread out among 15 sub-Saharan African countries. This issue was brought to the 2018 Commonwealth Summit in London. At this conference, a large sum of money was committed to helping end malaria. Click here to learn more.

Anopheles albopictus

Also known as the Asian tiger mosquito, Anopheles albopictus is now listed as one of the top 100 invasive species of mosquitoes. One of the reasons being that these mosquitoes are not picky. They transmit yellow fever, chikungunya, dengue fever, West Nile fever, eastern equine encephalitis, Zika virus, and some roundworm parasites, such as dog heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis). This mosquito is scary because it is very adaptable. It originates from Asia but now is spread throughout the entire world.  It even is showing signs of adaption in colder climates.

Mosquito-borne illnesses are becoming a worldwide concern. Using mosquito-repellents are the best way to fight mosquitoes and the diseases they carry. But mosquitoes have already started to adapt, as most creatures do. Scientists and researchers are working endlessly to find a larger cure for these diseases. Stay up to date with all mosquito-borne illness news and research through DynaTrap’s social media pages.

What Happens After You Get A Mosquito Bite?

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Slap*

You got him!

…but you were too late.

This tiny terror had already sucked your blood and left its mark before you even noticed it was there. So now what?

This is what actually happens to your body when you get bit by a mosquito.

During the bite

Mosquitoes are stealthy creatures. I doubt anyone would disagree with that from the number of “where did those come from” mosquito bites people receive in the Summertime. If you think about it, mosquitoes are only 3mm-6mm long and weigh about 5mg. It’s hard to believe that such small insects can create such large problems. When a mosquito lands on you they immediately begin to look for a thin layer of skin, preferably close to a blood vessel. Once they find the perfect spot, they inject their long probe-like tongue into your skin and pump a numbing saliva into your body.

After the bite

Once the mosquitoes saliva has entered your body it’s game over. Your body detects this unwanted and foreign content and rushes to the scene. Lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell used to attack any unwanted bacteria, viruses, or toxins that enter your body, come to the rescue to annihilate the mosquito’s saliva. Although these cells are helpful, the mixture of the saliva and the white blood cells are what cause the itchy sensation. DON’T ITCH IT. It only makes it worse (easier said than done, we know).

Fun Fact: A mosquito could be on your body for 4+ minutes if undetected. As mosquitoes drink, red blood cells rush to their probe-like tongues quickly. Sometimes mosquitoes can suck the blood so hard that they will explode.

Unfortunately, the aftermath of mosquito bites can hang out for a few days. Some people only have symptoms for 24 hours, some will have them up to 2 weeks. It just depends on how your body reacts to the saliva. The main symptoms include itchiness and swelling.

What if the mosquito has the malaria parasite?

When a mosquito injects this parasite into its host’s skin, the parasite attacks the liver cells. Once these get to the liver, they burst open and travel throughout the body. They attach to red blood cells, kill those cells, and then move onto other red blood cells and do the same. Mosquito parasites that cause illnesses like malaria, dengue, chikungunya, yellow fever, and Zika, are extremely vicious and persistent. Those initial white blood cells can’t handle the push from these parasites, which causes the spread of the diseases throughout a persons body.

Prevention

As you’re out and about this Summer, utilizing mosquito sprays and repellents are key. Those who reside in areas where mosquito-borne illnesses are prominent should be using insecticide covered bed nets, and other repellents available to them. Research is being done every day to help prevent the spread of mosquito-borne diseases. DynaTrap hopes to make a greater impact in the countries that bug bites cause much more than an itchy red bump. DynaTrap is a mosquito relief and insect repellent you can trust.

If mosquitoes bite us, what bites back?

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While DynaTrap kills mosquitoes with technology, who are the natural predators that help us out?

Bats

Mosquitoes are the real Dracula in this situation. Bats are actually very friendly creatures. Do you know what makes them even friendlier? They can eat 600+ mosquitoes in an hour. That’s what I’m talking about! With that being said, mosquitoes aren’t a huge part of a bats diet. In fact, bats consume beetles, wasps, and moths-which the DynaTrap also catches. Wasps sting, beetles weaken roots of plants, and moth larvae eat away at your garden’s. Bats have the same mindset as a DynaTrap, get rid of non-beneficial insects. So don’t let bat myths scare you.  They’re really here to help.

 

Birds

Specifically, purple martins, swallows, warblers and other songbirds consume many flying insects. These flying insects include mosquitoes. Many insect-eating birds will eat their body weight in insects on a daily basis. Think about that…that’s a lot of insects. A lot of birds simply fly with their mouths open eating anything in their path. These birds will consume gnats, flies, or any other flying insects. Birds aren’t particular to just eating adult mosquitoes. They sometimes will also eat mosquitoes in their aquatic stages.

 

Fish

Fish differ from bats and birds because they aren’t predators to adult mosquitoes, but only mosquitoes that are in their aquatic stages. Mosquitoes lay their eggs on the top of the water’s surface. Giving fish easy access to a mosquito larvae meal. There is actually one fish, in particular, the Gambusia Affinis, better known as the mosquito fish, that is the real mosquito predator in the waters. This is because a large portion of their diet is mosquitoes. An adult female can consume hundreds of mosquitoes a day. This fish is great for mosquito control, but in other regards, it has become a huge nuisance in some communities. Read more here.

 

Frogs & Tadpoles

Although mosquitoes aren’t a huge portion of a frogs diet, frogs will still enjoy an afternoon mosquito snack. Frogs are a natural insect and pest control provider to our ecosystem. While tadpoles are like fish. They feed on the mosquito larvae that lies on the surface of the water. Most of the time, tadpoles are herbivores. There are a few species who will feed on small invertebrates including other tadpoles. There have been some studies where mosquito larvae and tadpoles have had to compete for food. It’s possible that this competitive spirit is what brings tadpoles to eat mosquitoes. Regardless, if tadpoles are around, there will most likely be fewer mosquitoes.

Turtles

Specifically the red-eared slider turtle, Trachemys Scipta. Lucky for the U.S., these are the most common types of turtles within their region. Many are even kept as pets. This turtle has been used for mosquito control, even with the Culex larvae. The Culex Pipien mosquito is a species that carries a number of diseases. These diseases include St. Louis Encephalitis, West Nile Virus, Western Equine Encephalitis, Heartworm in dogs, and bird malaria. Turtles are being used to stop these mosquitoes right at the start.

 

Other Insects

There are also many insects that consume mosquitoes. These include dragonflies, damselflies, ants, spiders, aquatic beetles, and even other mosquitoes. These mosquitoes are called Toxorhynchites. Also nicknamed elephant mosquitoes or mosquito eaters. They received this name because they not only prey on their own species, but the genus they possess makes them bigger than other mosquitoes.

To learn how the DynaTrap catches mosquitoes and other harmful insects, click this link.

 

House Flies

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A.K.A Filth Flies

Has your at home relaxation ever been interrupted by pesky house flies buzzing around your head? Worse, how about them flying around your food? The fact that house flies are nicknamed “filth flies” should be a concern to anyone who lives in any home or apartment alike. Flies carry over 361 bacteria on their bodies and transfer that bacteria onto foods and liquids. 65 of those bacteria can translate into disease-causing cases of food poisoning, diarrhea, eye infections, dysentery, cholera, and tuberculosis. Why are they called filth flies? Because they live and feed in filth. This includes garbage, feces, and rotting or spoiled food.

How do bacteria get transferred?

When houseflies land on our food they regurgitate saliva onto it. That salvia can stay there after we swat the flies away, leaving us with a sandwich topping we were not expecting. This salvia is used to help them digest their food since they can only digest liquid food. Like mentioned before, flies don’t care where their food comes from. They could go eat out of the garbage and then come land on our perfectly delicious food on the table immediately after. In the meantime leaving feces where they land as well. All bad things.

Where do they come from?

Naturally, they come from the outside. They are attracted to your home for a few reasons:

  • Poor sanitation
  • Rotting fruit, veggies, or any other decaying food
  • Manure on your property

They can get into a house with unsealed cracks in doors and windows and ripped screens. Their 4 to 7.5 mm long bodies can get them through the smallest of cracks. Once inside, they begin feeding, reproducing, and leaving bacteria everywhere they land.

If only there was a product that helped with your indoor fly problems…stay tuned for what DynaTrap has to offer!