Mosquito-borne diseases are everywhere. They are putting countries in epidemics and bringing concern to others who fear their spread. Below are 3 mosquito species that transmit some of the worlds worst mosquito-borne illnesses.
Also known as the yellow fever mosquito. This mosquito originated in Africa, and like most insects, were spread around the world by human travel. Today, this mosquito is more popular in tropical and subtropical regions. Yellow fever has now become a country epidemic in Brazil. The Center of Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) has now advised all travelers to get the yellow fever vaccine before traveling there or to just skip the trip altogether. Both Europe and the United States are being told that this disease could be heading their way. The Aedes aegypti also spreads the Zika Virus. The Zika Virus is not only a large issue in South America but is now causing concern in the southern parts of the United States, specifically Florida. Zika causes a disease called microcephaly. This disease deforms newborns sculls and slows their brain development. It occurs when their mothers get Zika during their pregnancies. If Zika and yellow fever weren’t enough, some Aedes aegypti transmits viruses such as chikungunya, dengue fever, West Nile fever, and eastern equine encephalitis as well.
Anopheles gambiae & Anopheles stephensi
These mosquitoes are the largest transmitters of the malaria parasite in the world. The Anopheles gambiae is found in Africa, while the Anopheles stephensi is found throughout the Middle East and South Asia, the main vector being in urban India. The Anopheles stephensi not only feeds on humans but feed on a large number of cattle as well. These malaria parasitic mosquitoes are most active at night. That is why the use of insecticide-treated mosquito nets are a huge help in countries who are fighting malaria. In 2016, 90% of malaria cases and 91% of malaria deaths were spread out among 15 sub-Saharan African countries. This issue was brought to the 2018 Commonwealth Summit in London. At this conference, a large sum of money was committed to helping end malaria. Click here to learn more.
Also known as the Asian tiger mosquito, Aedes albopictus is now listed as one of the top 100 invasive species of mosquitoes. One of the reasons being that these mosquitoes are not picky. They transmit yellow fever, chikungunya, dengue fever, West Nile fever, eastern equine encephalitis, Zika virus, and some roundworm parasites, such as dog heartworm (Dirofilaria immitis). This mosquito is scary because it is very adaptable. It originates from Asia but now is spread throughout the entire world. It even is showing signs of adaption in colder climates.
Mosquito-borne illnesses are becoming a worldwide concern. Using mosquito-repellents are the best way to fight mosquitoes and the diseases they carry. But mosquitoes have already started to adapt, as most creatures do. Scientists and researchers are working endlessly to find a larger cure for these diseases. Stay up to date with all mosquito-borne illness news and research through DynaTrap’s social media pages.